quarta-feira, 21 de janeiro de 2009

Estímulo Fiscal: Porque Corte de Impostos é Preferível ao Aumento de Gastos

O argumento é de Alberto Alesina e Luigi Zingales. Como a crise corrente teve origem no mercado de crédito e não no mercado de trabalho, é necessário reestabelecer o investimento privado:

"More savings need to be invested, and firms need an incentive to invest in order to help aggregate demand in the short term and promote long-term growth. The best way to do this is to make all capital expenditures and research and development investments done in 2009 fully tax deductible in the current fiscal year.

A large temporary tax incentive may be just enough to jolt investors from their current paralysis to take action. Such a switch will also be fueled by the temporary capital-gains tax cut mentioned above, which will motivate people to move their savings from money-market funds to stocks, increasing valuations, investments and confidence.

Many are concerned about what we can do to help the poor weather this crisis. Unlike during the Great Depression, we have an unemployment subsidy that protects the poor from the most severe consequences of this recession. If we want to further protect them, it is better to extend this unemployment subsidy than to invest in hasty public projects. Furthermore, tax cuts have a much better effect on job creation than highway rehabilitation.

No doubt, it is much easier to sell the public and Congress a plan for more public works than tax cuts, particularly while Main Street despises Wall Street -- with some good reason. But the role of a good economic team is to courageously propose the right economic policy, even when it is unpopular. The role of a president is to sell it politically, as real change we can believe in."

Um comentário:

outrafacedamoeda disse...

Olá, Ronald!

Parabéns pelo seu blog e obrigado pelo post com a citação do artigo do WSJ, que é muito oportuno neste momento. Gostei dele.

Ia colocar aqui mais alguns comentários que tenho a acrescentar ao ponto de vista do artigo, mas ficou grande demais. Resolvi colocar num post do meu blog, já que não ia ficar fora de contexto.

Se você tiver interesse:
http://outrafacedamoeda.wordpress.com/2009/01/21/friedman-e-modigliani-ainda-valem/

Um abraço!
Renato